Roe v. Wade - An Introduction
In 1970, Jane Roe (a fictional name) filed a lawsuit against the Texas abortion law, which outlawed abortion except when the mother's life was at stake. Roe claimed her right to “liberty” under the 14th Amendment and argued that the Texas law unconstitutionally affected her marital, familial, and sexual privacy.
The Supreme Court disagreed with the Roe argument on the right to terminate a pregnancy at any time and decided that the abortion law must be balanced against the government's interests in protecting the health and prenatal life.
However, on June 24th of 2022, the Supreme Court’s decision on Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health overturned Roe v. Wade by a 5-4 vote of the Supreme Court.